Drawing a Dialogue is a podcast discussing comics in historical + educational contexts by Cathy G. Johnson and e jackson.
Episode 5: In this episode, Cathy + e talk about the critical theory 'the gaze.' They recount the gaze's history, its applications in comics culture, and how the theory can be used in art education to teach students how to critically engage with their role as a viewer.
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Episode Citation (chronologically as mentioned in podcast):
Lacan, J., & Miller, J.-A. (1986). The four fundamental concepts of psycho-analysis. Harmondsworth: Penguin. (original French publication 1973, first English publication 1978)
Theories of Media - University of Chicago
Laura Mulvey - PDF
Foucault, Michel. "Discipline and Punish, Panopticism." In Discipline & Punish: The Birth of the Prison, edited by Alan Sheridan, 195-228. New York: Vintage Books, 1977. Original Publication: Surveiller et Punir, 1975 - Link
Longhurst, B., Smith, G., Bagnall, G., Crawford, G., & Ogborn, M. (2017). Introducing cultural studies (3rd ed.). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Silverman, K. (1996). The threshold of the visible world. New York: Routledge.
hooks, bell. (1992). Black Looks: Race and Representation. Boston: South End Press. - Penn State
Berger, J., Dibb, M., & BBC Enterprises. (1972). Ways of seeing. London: BBC Enterprises.
Suzanne Scott - PDF
The Hawkeye Initiative - Link (sexual content warning)
Gail Simone - Women In Refrigerators
Wertham, F. (1954). Seduction of the innocent. New York: Rinehart.
Suzanne Scott, “Fangirls in Refrigerators: The Politics of (In)visibility in Comic Book Culture,” Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 13 (2013): - Link
Trina Robbins - Image & Narrative
Traf, L. (2004). Art Interpretation as Subject Constitution Research on the Role of Critical Art History in Teacher Education. International Journal Of Art & Design Education, 23(1), 26-34.
Definition of "semiotics" from Longhurst et al., see above.
McCloud, S. (1994). Understanding comics: [the invisible art]. New York: HarperPerennial.
Duncum, P. (2010). Seven Principles for Visual Culture Education. Art Education, 63(1), 6-10.
Melissa Crum - YouTube
Crum, M. C. (2012). Reasserting Humanity Through the Liberatory Gaze. Journal Of Social Theory In Art Education, (32), 56-69.
Mitchell, A. a. (2010). Distributed identity: networking image fragments in graphic memoirs. Studies In Comics, 1(2), 257-279.
National Art Education Association. (2014). National Visual Art Standards Custom Handbook.
Letters To The Editor:
Yasha Lizard Buys a Painting by Kristina Stipetic - Link